It’s sometimes difficult to understand or explain why young people in care might say something to accuse their foster carer or someone belonging to the foster family of wrongdoing. And as with most things, every young person is different and will have a different reason for making an allegation.
The most common reason arises out of the child’s belief that if they tell someone that they are being mistreated, they will be able to return home to their parents.
Another cause might be low self-esteem. If a young person has had a number of foster placements, an allegation might be made in order for them to discover whether those responsible for them truly care.
Other children might crave attention and will view even negative focus as better than nothing.
Sadly, sometimes an allegation is made because the young person in care has been abused in the past and has kept it a secret. Accusing a Foster Carer of abuse is a way of bringing this out into the open. And sometimes children who have previously been in emotionally harmful environments misinterpret things which in the past have been precursors to abuse i.e. the offer of a cuddle or a kiss goodnight.
Of course, in some rare cases the allegations against Foster Carers are found to be true. It is in these instances that the sometimes stressful and emotional investigation process is shown to be worthwhile.
The simple answer is that it is impossible to fully protect yourself against this eventuality. However you can, and should, work towards avoiding investigations by taking all the necessary steps that will allow you to minimize risk against allegations. Your fostering service should also help you implement useful strategies which will ensure that you keep you and your family as safe as possible.
In situations where there are physical signs of abuse such as bruises or other marks, it is important to consider how these might have been caused. Many children in foster care 'self-harm' and scratches or cuts to the wrists and forearms may be a sign of self-abuse. Bruises can be caused by falls or knocks, sports injuries and fights with other children. Any cuts, scratches or bruises that are noticed on foster children should always be noted by Foster Carers, then entered into daily records and reported to the child’s social worker.
A plan should be set-up from the start of the young person’s placement. The placement plan will begin with examining the background of the child who will be in your care. This will answer questions such as:
Ensure all relevant information is recorded in the placement plan, including information which answers further questions such as:
Following the completion of the placement plan, ensure that there are methods and procedures set in place to deal with any issues that might arise.
Every foster home should have a safe caring plan in place whereby the Foster Carer will be required to:
Taking these simple precautions and letting your fostering service know that you are taking the safe care seriously will help you in the event that an allegation is made against you.
Many Foster Carers tell us that during an investigation they feel they are treated as though they are ‘guilty until proven innocent’.
Although it is difficult, it’s important for Foster Carers that they try not to think this way. Local authorities and fostering services have a legal duty to ensure that all concerns are listened to and dealt with appropriately.
Each fostering service will have set procedures in place when it comes to dealing with allegations. National Minimum Standards state that Foster Carers who are under investigation should be provided with support that is independent of their fostering service, to help them through the process. It is also the Foster Carer’s right to have information in writing about the allegation, the outcome of the investigation and further steps to be taken once it is over.
It is not unusual for Foster Carers to feel outcast during the investigation process. Some Foster Carers have told us that their supervising social worker has stopped visiting them or has been told to withdraw support. This can be distressing for Foster Carers who take this lack of contact to mean that their social worker doesn’t believe them. This is usually not the case. Instead, it is usually due to policies with fostering services which call for supervising social workers to withdraw temporarily in order to avoid any conflicts of interest during the inquiry.
While FosterTalk is not there to replace your supervising social worker, we can provide you with all the necessary advice, information, and support that you will need to cope throughout the process. And if your fostering service agrees, FosterTalk can also provide an independent advisor through our Foster Carers Independent Support Service (FISS).
Good practice guidance suggests that foster children should not be removed. In practice however, once an allegation has been made, the foster child and any other foster children within the household are likely to be removed pending an investigation.
In some circumstances, it may be suggested that the alleged party leave the house until further investigations can take place and arrangements can be made. This would be the most likely course of action if it was suggested that the child and others within the household are at risk.
When carrying out an investigation into allegations of abuse against a foster child, the local authority has a legal duty to consider the welfare of any other children in the household - including the Foster Carer’s own children. This includes birth children, adopted children or children on Special Guardianship Orders.
If the Foster Carer’s children are deemed to be at risk of “significant harm” they would be subject to the same safeguarding procedures as any other child in the community. In these circumstances, Foster Carers are advised to seek independent legal advice.
Whenever there are concerns of a child protection nature, the Fostering Service has a duty to inform the Local Authority Designated Officer (LADO) for the area in which the Foster Carer lives and/or the police. See Working together to Safeguard Children: HM Government (2010).
The LADO will convene a strategy meeting of all the relevant professionals and they will discuss the allegation and decide the next steps to take. This may involve an “interview under caution” carried out by the police, and a joint interview of the child or children by the police and local authority.
Being interviewed by the police can be a distressing and frightening experience for Foster Carers as until this point they are usually unaware of the nature of the allegation held against them. FosterTalk strongly advises Foster Carers to have legal representation at their interview under caution, in order to protect their interests. This is not an admission of guilt, but a sensible precaution which will ensure that the Foster Carer is able to answer the questions put to him/her clearly, calmly and with support.
FosterTalk’s Foster Carer Membership provides legal insurance cover which gives access to legal advice lines 24 hours a day, 7 days per week. FosterTalk also provides the services of a solicitor at the police station for your interview under caution. The legal insurance covers defence costs should the case against you proceed to court.
Once the investigation has been concluded, further strategy meetings will be held until an outcome has been agreed. You will then be informed of the outcome and advised on the recommendations of the investigation, together with any actions that have been agreed which you are entitled to have in writing.
This depends on the outcome of the investigation as well as on the recommendations made at the final strategy meeting and by the fostering panel.
After an allegation or serious complaint, your fostering service will carry out a review of your approval and prepare a report to the fostering panel, taking into account any actions and recommendations from the investigation process.
You should be given the opportunity to provide verbal and written information for your review and to see the report before it goes to the panel. You should also be invited to attend the panel whilst your approval is being considered.
The Panel will consider all the information available, including the Foster Carer’s report, which should be factual and to the point.
With FosterTalk Membership, we will be able to advise you about the process and talk you through each step. If you have a FISS Advisor, he or she will be able to help you prepare the report and accompany you to the fostering panel.
After the Fostering Panel has made a recommendation to the Agency Decision Maker, you will receive a letter advising you of the proposed terms of your approval. You will then have 28 days in which to decide whether or not to accept the terms of this, or to appeal; either back to the fostering panel or to the Independent Review Mechanism (IRM). Please be aware that you can only do one or the other and not both.
Hopefully you will be re-approved as a Foster Carer and be in agreement with the terms of your approval. If this is not the case, further advice and support is available through FosterTalk in regards to what can be done. For example, we can advise you with regard to an application to the IRM and if you have a FISS Advisor, he or she will be able to support you through this.
Further information about the Independent Review Mechanism and how to ask for your case to be reconsidered can be found below:
IRM Contract Manager
Unit 4 Pavilion Business Park
Royds Hall Road,
Leeds, LS12 6AJ
Independent Review Mechanism Cymru
7 Cleeve House
There is no IRM in Scotland.
FosterTalk Limited, Registered Company in England and Wales
10 The Courtyard, Buntsford Gate, Bromsgrove, Worcestershire, B60 3DJ
Registered Company Number: 06318354